This is a list of Europe’s coldest cities. Cold can of course be measured in different ways. In this list, cold is measured using the average daily maximum temperatures. The cities in this list are located in the north and east of Europe. Direction of the north pole and further from the equator is of course the coldest. Also the average daily minimum temperatures are mentioned. There are also cities on this list that are relatively southern, especially cities in Russia. This is because these cities are located in a higher (mountain) area or by a country climate with extremely low winter temperatures.
10. Oslo (Norway)
The average daily maximum temperature in Oslo is 9.6 ° C. The average daily minimum temperature is 2.4 ° C. Oslo is the capital of Norway. The city is located in the south of the country. Although Oslo is a big city full of modern architecture, it still has a peaceful atmosphere. This is because the city has a lot of greenery. There are many forests and parks. In addition, Oslo has a 19th-century city center with many museums and the Nobel Peace Center, an institute devoted to the Nobel Peace Prize.
9. Samara (Russia)
The average daily maximum temperature of Samara is 9.2 ° C. The average daily minimum temperature is 1.0 ° C. The city is located in southern Russia, so it is not even so northernly located. The cold in this city derives from the dry continental climate that prevails. Although the summers can be very pleasant, it is extremely cold in the winters. With ease it’s then -20 ° C. Once upon a time it was even -43 ° C. This makes the average daily maximum temperature here so low. Samara is a million city with many industries, universities, theaters and sporting events. The town is beautifully situated on the river Wolga, along which a beautiful promenade is laid out.
8. Tallinn (Estonia)
The average daily maximum temperature in Tallinn is 9.1 ° C. The average daily minimum temperature is 2.1 ° C. Tallinn is the capital of Estonia, a country located south of Finland and west of Russia. It is approximately at the level of Norwegian Oslo (the number 10 of this list) and Swedish Stockholm. The city is located in Tallinn’s Bay in the Gulf of Finland and boasts a particularly beautiful old town called Vanalinn. This area is even in its entirety on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Although it is cold in winter, it is especially beautiful during this period. For example, you can enjoy ice fishing, ice skating (on the ice skating rink) or enjoy the beautiful Christmas market. Tallinn events are organized throughout the year.
7. Helsinki (Finland)
The average daily maximum temperature in Helsinki is 9.1 ° C. The average daily minimum temperature is 1.4 ° C. Helsinki is the capital of Finland. The city is located in the far south of the country, north of Estonia Tallinn (number 6 of this list), across the Gulf of Finland. Helsinki was built in a Russian city style as a replica of the city of St. Petersburg (the number 5 of this list). Helsinki also has many impressive churches and museums.
6. Moscow (Russia)
TOP 10 COLDEST CITIES OF EUROPE
The average daily maximum temperature in Moscow is 8.9 ° C. The average daily minimum temperature is 1.2 ° C. The capital of Russia is of course known as a very cold city. But how is it actually that a city that is not even so northern (about Denmark) is so cold? Moscow has a country climate, it is far away from seas and oceans. The soil remains very dry due to the minimal impact of oceans and seas, which makes the soil susceptible to rising and falling temperatures. The country is therefore experiencing large temperature differences. It is therefore the cold winter temperatures that make this city a very cold city. In the summer it is a good stay. With ease it is then 20 ° C. Still, we know Moscow especially about the pictures from winter time. Then the typical palaces and cathedrals, including the famous Basilica Cathedral with its colorful domes, on the Red Square, are beautifully snowy.
5. St. Petersburg (Russia)
The average daily maximum temperature in Saint Petersburg is 8.3 ° C. The average daily minimum temperature is 1.8 ° C. The northern-based Russian city is not far from Helsinki’s Helsinki (number 7 of this list) and Estonia Tallinn (number 8 of this list). St. Petersburg, like these cities, is located in the Gulf of Finland. There is a damp country climate that is caused by this Gulf of Finland. That is, in all three cities, summer temperatures are tempered and winter temperatures remain soft. In St. Petersburg, Helsinki and Tallinn, the average daily minimum temperature is thus lowered by the mild summer temperatures. The winters are not even extremely cold. St. Petersburg is Moscow’s most important city after Moscow. It is a scientific, industrial and cultural center. It is known as a tourist attraction. It has beautiful 18th and 19th century architecture, long streets, parks, gardens and palaces.
4. Oefa (Russia)
The average daily maximum temperature of Oefa is 8.3 ° C. The average daily minimum temperature is -2.0 ° C. Oefa is after Samara (the number 9 of this list) the most southern city on this list. The city has the lowest daily minimum temperature. That is, no high minimum temperatures are achieved throughout the year. In summer, this is only 13 ° C and in winter only -16 ° C. This has to do with the location of Oefa near the high Oeral mountains. Oefa is the industrial center of the Urals.
3. Nizhni Novgorod (Russia)
The average daily maximum temperature of Nizjni Novgorodis 8.1 ° C. The average daily minimum temperature is 0.6 ° C. Nizjni Novgorod is located a few hundred kilometers east of Moscow. It is a tourist city, famous for its ancient city center called Kremlin. The city also has a beautiful viewpoint on the river Wolga and a spectacular park, the Nizjni Novogorodse Switzerland, south of the city center.
2. Kazan (Russia)
The average daily maximum temperature of Kazan is 7.9 ° C. The average daily minimum temperature is -0.1 ° C. The city of Kazan is located at the foot of Moscow on the banks of the Wolga. Kazan city center, Kremlin, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. There are beautiful old buildings, dating back to the 16th and 17th centuries, including a cathedral, mosque, tower, monastery and a fortress. The city is also known as an economic and university center.
1. Reykjavik (Iceland)
The average daily maximum temperature of Reykjavik is 7.0 ° C. The average daily minimum temperature is 1.9 ° C. Of course it is not so crazy that Reykjavik is the number 1 of this list. The city is much more northern than the other cities on the top 10 list, namely on the southwest side of Iceland, a large island surrounded by sea, between Greenland (west) and Norway (east). Reykjavik is the capital of Iceland and also the northernmost capital of the world. The location is only a little south of the polar circle. Reykjavik is a modern city full of history and culture. The spectacular Noorderlicht is seen from this city (with some luck) and of course Reykjavik is the base for exploring the spectacular Iceland.Check out this top 10 list of Iceland.
TOP 10 COLDEST CITIES OF EUROPE