The extinction of animal species belongs to life on earth. Biologists sometimes claim that 99% of all animal species that have lived on Earth have already died. That does not mean that there are very few animals left today. It simply means that the plurality of species presently present is only a fraction of the number of animal species that used to exist. So extinction is very natural. Nature changes constantly and animal species need to change. That means adjusting, or perishing.
Well, that’s to die, but it has to be said that in recent centuries many more species are “extinct” than would be the case if only nature was going to work. But another source of extinction has evolved, over the last centuries, and that is man. Of course, we are, in principle, ‘part of nature’, but because of our enormous impact on the world and all species living in it, our influence is much greater than that of many other factors. Hence, the so-called extinction rate is about 1,000 times as high as expected due to natural dynamics. And the expectation is that this will only happen.
Ultimately, we will have to miss many animal species in the future. And while a large number of animal species have disappeared, which could have made a wonderful contribution to our existence, even if it’s just for amusement value (for example, think of Hollywood’s obsession with dinosaurs). Afin, these top ten show ten beautiful species of animals that we will never see in reality, because they have been extinct in times. Sometimes because of humans, but sometimes also because of those other natural forces.
10. Tyrannosaurus Rex – 65 million years ago
The T-Rex is the most famous dinosaur, partly due to its size, and also because of his successful career in Hollywood movies. Even before the time of the film, the T-rex was laced in literature as the largest chalk country carnivore (a period long ago when dinosaurs still dominated the world). The first fossil of the T-rex was found in 1874, and because of its format, he was soon called the king of tyranno-saurians (rex means king).
He was about fourteen feet tall and weighed about eight tons (about as much as a mature elephant).Instead of firmly at four, the T-rex ran on two legs, thus achieving reasonable speeds. Its top speed would be between 20 and 40 kilometers per hour, but it’s difficult to determine, since we only have fossils to base conclusions. What scientists think to be true is that he was warm-blooded, remarkable given that dinosaurs are family of reptiles, and these are (nowadays) all cold-blooded. His real strength, however, lay in a huge biting force in his jaws.
Why did this majestic giant go down? At the end of the chalk a huge eradication took place, with thousands of animals and plants suddenly disappearing from the ground. Scientists disagree about the cause, but whether it’s a meteorite, climate change or volcanic eruptions (or a combination of these), the fact remains that millions of species disappeared along with the t-rex. This all happened about 65 million years ago.
9. Kelenken – 15 million years ago
Kelenken were scary birds, a group of carnivorous country birds. They are also called ‘terror birds’ in English because of their non-humble nature. They lived about 15 million years ago, in the Mioceen, in an area currently in Argentina. The Kelenk ran behind his prey and killed it by bending his victim to the victim until the animal succumbed. The beak was able to flip efficiently, of enormous size, almost half an inch (forearm length) long. The bird itself was about three meters high, and could run around 50 miles per hour. Not the fastest land animal ever, but nevertheless three times as fast as an average marathon rider. Incidentally, there are other terror birds (but not this Kelenk) who survived up to 450,000 years ago). The Kelenk, however, had disappeared much sooner from the ground.
8. Sabeltooth tiger – 2 million years ago
The Smilodon (the official name of the Sabeltandtijger) is a family member of the feline, just like our domestic cat. However, this feline was less domesticated. He lived roughly between 13 million and 2 million years ago. Although it seems, the Smilodon is not particularly closely related to the present tiger or any other feline. Far family so, but no nephew, that’s clear.
Moreover, the Sabeltandtijger was not super-sized in size, contrary to the general beliefs. In fact, he was even a tad smaller than our current lion, but on the other hand he was heavier built. He was 1.5 meters tall and had very powerful legs. In addition, his head was large, about thirty centimeters, and that was necessary because that head had to hold two huge sickle-shaped canines, which were also about 30 centimeters long.
Strangely enough, these teeth were not for the hunt. Because of their length, they were sensitive to great forces, and therefore the Sabeltandtijger only used them to brush the soft parts of his victim from the rib cage. Or, when the prey had already been down, to bite his artery. The huge front legs were for the real dirty work. In addition, biologists believe that they lived in groups because we can see on wounds fossils that were healed, while a solitary animal should have died of such injuries. Group connections so! The Sabeltand tiger chased among other things on mammoths (later more about this fluffy animal), elephants, rhinos and other great steppes. No kitten to tackle without gloves, so!
7. Megalodon – 1.5 million years ago
The Megalodon (of mega and odon) was a giant shark that had the supreme power in moderate seawater between 18 million and 1.5 million years ago. With a size that is almost twice the current fear of the seven seas, the human shark, this shark was the ruler of the ocean. He became about 18 meters long, although some scientists claim it went more towards 30 meters, and weighed between 50 and 100 tons (about the same as 50 cars). He especially cheated on cetaceans, and that was not an easy prey. He was then equipped with heavy equipment, his mouth could open a little two meters wide open. Unfortunately, this sea monster has already died 1.5 million years ago. Spacious before humans went swimming in the sea!
6. The short-haired bear – 12,500 years ago
A cute name for a less cute animal, the short-haired bear, also the short-faced bear in English, (Arctodus simus) has extincted about 12,500 years ago, and mainly occurred in North America. He was the biggest bear of his time, and also the largest land robbery that has lived in the last 800,000 years (the t-rex is so wide!). With a shoulder height of 1.6 (resting on four legs) and a height of over four feet upright, this was an impressive opponent for each prooidier. However, he did not get very heavy, just about one ton. Nevertheless, we know of bone analysis that this bear only ate meat. In order to maintain his weight, he needed about 16 pounds a day.
There is a theory that claims that, due to its fine construction, the short-haired bear did not master his prey with physical strength, but chased him into the prey of exhaustion or collapsed or made a mistake. However, given the somewhat logical form, it is unlikely that the bear could maneuver quickly, which contradicts this theory. And yet, the animal was built more on endurance than speed. Therefore, it is a logical conclusion that this bear was not a predator, but a valve moon: he chased the prey of other animals, such as the giant wolf and the hollow lion. Swallow
The bear died because of a lack of prey and too much competition from the other bear nearby, the brown bear. This alteter came just inside of Eurasia, and was particularly well suited to the prairies of North America. Of course, people can always have played a helping hand in the extinction of this short-lived novel.
5. Mammoth – 10,000 years ago
The woolly mammoth (mammuthus primigenius) was one of many species of mammoth wandering around the Pleistocene on Earth. It is also the last mammal that this did, according to fossils. He stemmed from the steppe mammoth, 400,000 years ago, and is related to the still living asian elephant.This mammoth was well-placed to leave his fossils behind in the bitter cold of Alaska and Siberia, so that the remains remained well-preserved for our scientists. Not only the skeleton, but even the contents of the stomach, and their stools are sometimes found, a true source of knowledge!
The woolly mammoth is often portrayed as a giant elephant, but in fact, it was about the same size as the African elephant. The males became about 3 meters in shoulder height, weighing about six tons (six Ford Focus). The females remained slightly below three meters and weighed only four tons. A newborn calf weighed over 90 kilograms, maybe about as much as yourself? Or even more …
Not for nothing, we call it the woolly mammoth, this elephant was well resistant to the bitter cold climate of the Siberian tundra, partly because of a woolly fur. In terms of behavior, scientists think that the mammoth seemed a lot on the current elephant, and as food they suspect that grass and bushes were mostly clod.
This mammoth has been in harmony with the first people for a number of millennia. In harmony, that is, the mammoths were a popular (but also feared) prey of the first hunter-gatherer groups. Around 10,000 years ago, the mammoths disappeared from the soil because of a changing environment or overwork, we are not sure. There are some populations that survived longer, up to 4,000 years for the present age, but eventually these mammoths also disappeared.
4. Giant Soul – 10,000 years ago
The ground man was a soil-inhabiting sloth (as opposed to tree-climbing sloths of today) who lived around 30 million to 10,000 years ago. The giant sloths were absolutely too big to live in trees! They occurred in both North and South America and ate mainly plants. Thus they were herbivores.
Note that there were several types of basil, and we are talking about the giant sloths, such as the Eremotherium (which was about two meters high and weighing four tons) and the Megatherium (two meters long and slightly less than four tons in weight). Balancing on his hind legs, these animals were almost bigger than a giraffe. His claws were about 50 centimeters long, in spite of his planting habits, great to pull foliage from trees to mouth and to peel.
Because these sloths have just ‘recently’ been extinct, they must have met with the first indian tribes.In addition to stories and drawings of Indians, a lot of material from these sloths has been preserved, such as skeletons, paw prints and even manure and hair. Scientists can therefore accurately describe how this animal lived. Thus, in this way, we learned that the sloths often walked around their hind legs, which we previously attributed only to human beings.
3. The European Holly Lion – 10,000 years ago
The European Holenleeuw was a lionish creature that occurred in Europe until about 10,000 years ago.He was about 300 centimeters long, a meter longer than the current lion. It was like the African lion a powerful predator who fed horse-like, deer and bait. He choked his prey through the neck by biting. It seems that, unlike his living relative, he seemed manless. We know that of cave drawings that made people of this animal. Because of the same cave drawings, the Lion also has his name. There is no reason to suspect that he actually lived in caves, but considering the drawings in caves we call him the cave lion. This lion also died around 10,000 years ago, like many other large mammals, of which you have encountered more in this list.
2. Giant hero – 7,700 years ago
The Giant Heron (Megaloceros Giganteus) is a herbaceous animal that lived in a wide geographic area.He is also called Irish Irish (Irish Elk) because of the fact that many fossils of this animal are found in Ireland. In fact, giant herring occurred in both Europe, Asia and even North Africa. He lived until about 7,700 years ago, with the last living area the Siberian tundra.
Well, the megahert was quite large, as the name suggests. His shaft height was about 2 meters, about the same as the (unrelated) Eland. In addition, he had a huge hinge, with a span of up to 4.3 meters (about as wide as the length of a car, or two bathtubs). The weed alone could weigh 40 kilos. Try to run around forty kilos on your head!
Whether this gun was used to actually fight, or just to impress other males, science does not agree.Unfortunately, the species was extinct, otherwise we could simply look at it.
1. Dodo – 17th century
The emblem of the extinct animals, today, is the Dodo. The Dodo (Raphus cucullatus) lived on the island of Mauritius (and only there) and was about one meter high. He had the reputation of biting himself with his big beak, but for the rest was quite a dodo: helpless. He ate seeds and fruits, could not fly, and had no natural enemies until the Dutch settlers arrived at the end of the 16th century. Within a century the species was almost extinct.
Bonus: Balinese Tiger – 1937
The Balinese tiger (Panthera tigris balica) is one of the recent losses of the world, in 1937 probably thought the last copy of this wonderful subspecies of the tigers. The animal has been especially concerned with habitat destruction (habitat disappeared) and the hunt. After all, tourists saw something in such a beautiful striped coat, and moreover, most of such a tiger was a great stuff to make medicines!
The Balinese tiger looked strongly on the extinct Javanese tiger, but is nevertheless considered a separate species. Given that the animal only occurred on one island, the population of this species has never been large. Nevertheless, it is a loss of a majestic animal that has made way for man because of ignorance and bad policy. Unfortunately, there is little chance that we will get this tiger population back.
TOP 10 EXCTINCT ANIMALS | PERISHED ANIMALS SPECIES