Thinking of space and other planets gives us the feeling that we are very small and invalid. Also, it sometimes causes us some fear. But we are also very curious about it. Mars, we all know this planet as the red planet. In fact, Mars has the color of anchor. Mars counted from the sun, Mars is the fourth planet, which revolves around the sun. The planet is located between the Earth and Jupiter. Mars is smaller than Earth. It has a diameter of 6794 kilometers. So far the basic information about Mars. This list contains 10 more fascinating facts about Mars.
1 is named after the Roman God of War
Because Mars is seen as a red planet, it was associated with blood and war. This is why the ancient Greeks named the planet for the Greek God of the War, Ares. The Romans also named the planet for their god of war , namely Mars, and so we still know the planet. Other ancient cultures have also named the planet for its color red. Chinese astronomers called the planet ‘the firester’ and Egyptian priests called it ‘the Red’.
2 was observed in the years before Christ
Although Mars was far removed from Earth, it was already observed by the ancient Egyptian astronomers. It was reported as a walking object in the sky. In 1534 BC, one was already familiar with the retrograde movement of the planet. More and more details came across Mars over the centuries. In 1610 Galileo Galilei was the first to observe with a telescope Mars. Soon after, more information about the planet was revealed, such as the ice-cream caps and the rotation period. Better developed 19th century telescopes showed more details. Since 1960, several robotic spacecraft have been sent to Mars to explore them from space and from the planet itself. The most famous of this is the Curiosity Rover Landing in 2012. Each month, new information appears on the planet Mars. The weather is always intriguing to see and hear what has been discovered again.
3 has two moons
Unlike Earth, Mars has two moons. These, however, are completely different from those of our moon.They are much smaller and have an irregular shape. The two moons are named after the twin brothers of fear and terror from Greek mythology, namely Phobos and Deimos. These are the sons of Ares (and thus Mars) and Aphrodite. Phobos is believed to have a relatively short lifespan. In 30 to 50 million years, it will break out or against Mars because of the tide of the planet. From Mars you see Phobos three times the size of our own moon. Deimos looks as small as a bright star from our planet.
4 has 24 hours in one day, but 687 days in one year
The planet Mars looks more like our planet Earth than all other planets. However, there are also very big differences. Mars has four seasons due to the inclination of the rotations. Also has a day on Mars 24 hours. But one important difference is that it takes almost twice as long to complete the job. That is, one year on Mars lasts twice as long as on Earth. This also means that the four seasons of Mars last roughly twice as long as on earth. In winter it is easy -130 ° C. That is a big difference with the temperature in winter on earth. The summer temperature on Mars is about 20 degrees. This is again about the same as on Earth.
5. It takes eight months to travel to Mars
There is much talk about the many missions to Mars, but almost never how much time it takes to reach the planet alone. It takes eight months to reach the Red planet. This is longer than astronauts in the ISS! And then they have to travel back to Earth for another 8 months. The best can travel to Mars if the distance between Mars and Earth is the smallest, so far in 2003. Then the two planets were “only” 56 million kilometers apart. It is expected that a shorter timetable will be introduced by space development by the beginning of the year 2030.
6, the biggest dust storms in the solar system
Dust storms occur on Mars if this is closest to the sun. These storms can last for months and cover the entire planet. During these storms, the temperature rises on Mars because the dust clouds absorb the heat of the sun instead of reflecting. These can cause problems for space probe sent to Mars. In 1971, the Mariner 9 hit the largest storm ever on Mars. The mission had to be delayed for a number of months. By the very thin atmosphere (1% of the earth), the currents feel like a soft breeze. The problem is not, therefore, that material is being destroyed, but the fine dust causes the solar panels to no longer work where the Rovers depend.
7. Pieces of Mars are landed on Earth
Through the centuries, Mars has been hit by great asteroids. Due to the low gravity on Mars, this causes parts of Mars fragments to be thrown into space. They continue to wander around the solar system, and some landed on Earth, where they are called meteorites. It’s fascinating if you think about the journey of these meteorites before they landed on Earth. Scientists give meteorites the opportunity to study Mars without the need for a space mission.
8 is the largest mountain of the solar system
The largest solar system is found on Mars. Olympus Mons has a height of 25 kilometers. That makes it a triple mountain as the highest mountain on Earth , the Mount Everest. The Olympus Mons also has a diameter of about 600 kilometers. That’s the size of the state of Arizona on Earth. It has a strange, asymmetrical shape. Olympus Mons is also the youngest of the big volcanoes on the Red planet. The mountain is the least long, it last came.
9 had a big ocean and possibly about life
ESO / M. Kornmesser
By 2015, evidence was found that there would have been a giant ocean on Mars. It was discovered that in some places this ocean would have been more than 1.5 kilometers deep and had more water than the Earth’s Arctic Ocean. That would mean that Mars has been a warm and wet world, the foundation needed for life on a planet. It may be that there was life in Mars in a long past. Only 13% of this water is present, frozen in the pool caps.
10. There is water on Mars
The most famous and recent news about Mars is that evidence has been found for water on Mars. It was already known that water was once present and frozen water (see number 9 of this list), but it was not thought that liquid water would still be present. The water flows only on Mars during the summer months. This makes it possible for life to exist on Mars. The NASA now knows what’s happening to Mars here.
TOP 10 FASCINATING FACTS ABOUT THE PLANET MARS