Companies invest a significant part of their sales in developing new products. And that process may take years. But sometimes inventions happen by accident. By chance. Or some inventions see the life light because the inventor actually tried to develop something else. Are you wondering what inventions came into the world unintentionally? Then read our list. We put the ten best in a row.
10. The psychedelic effect of LSD
Lysergic acid diethylamide, better known as LSD, was not accidentally invented. The effects that caused the derivative of LSD, though. It was the Swiss Albert Hofmann who researched lysergic acid in the 20s in the Sandoz labs. This chemist looked at whether components of this could be used as a medicine. Hofmann himself experienced a nice feeling after taking one of the derivatives, LSD-25. His imagination became many times bigger and the world around him suddenly was completely different.When he closed his eyes, he saw psychedelic, colorful shapes. Fantastic, he called it. He accidentally discovered the effects of one of the strongest drugs. He continued to investigate the medical capabilities of the product and could only appreciate that LSD became a popular recreational drug in the 1960s.
9. Corn Flakes
An invention based on forgetfulness. You may not know that if you enjoy your plate of crunchy flakes with milk in the morning. Will Keith Kellogg (yes, of the brand) was a thoughtful guy who helped his brother. He worked as a doctor in a sanatorium and was engaged in the diet of the patients who stayed there. When Will once helped in the kitchen, he found something that would change his life. He was responsible for baking the bread, and accidentally forgot the most important ingredient, hot wheat. He left the bread for a couple of hours and upon return he noticed that the dough had become flaky. He baked this dough and got a cracking fresh and flaky snack. The ‘flakes’ were instantly a big hit among the patients. Will further experimented, used corn as a basic ingredient, and tried out methods to produce it in large quantities. In 1906, The Battle Creek, Toasted Corn Flakes Company, saw the light that went on in the Kellogg’s company.
Who did not make the most beautiful things like Play-Doh! It gives a lot of trouble. And that’s just funny, because Play-Doh was ever thought of as a cleaner for wallpaper. And it worked well, but did not sell well. The producer found that schoolchildren used the product to make fun of all the characters.The cleaning ingredient was removed and from then on it was the clay we know so well.
7. saccharin (sweetener)
This artificial sweetener was also invented by chance in 1879. Constantine Fahlberg worked as a researcher in the Johns Hopkins University laboratory. He examined chemical components. One of these kept sticking to his hands, and when he came home he discovered that the sandwich he was eating tasted very sweet. Strange because he had not added any sugar. He patented the good thing that today is very popular as an alternative to the real stuff.
6. The microwave or microwave (oven)
Percy Spencer discovered this application during the Second World War. He studied magnetrons, a part of radars. He devised a new technique to develop better radar systems. During his experiments he noticed that a chocolate bar that was in his pocket was melted. He further experimented with corn (popcorn) and eggs. In 1945 he asked for his patent and in 1947 the first microwave was built for domestic applications.
TOP 10 INVENTIONS THAT HAPPEN BY ACCIDENT
The blue pill. It was Simon Campbell and David Roberts, Pfizer researchers, who discovered their other side effects during their research into a high blood pressure medication. In the late 80’s, the UK-92480 drug was first tested on humans. Very good work against high blood pressure did not work, but the subjects did report erections. Voilà, a new medicine was born and called Viagra. In the US it entered the market in 1998.
4. X-rays (X-ray)
Okay, x-rays are a natural phenomenon and can not be invented at all, but the story of accidental discovery is too nice not to be included in the list. In 1895, German scientist Wilhelm Röntgen was busy with a routine experiment with cathode ray. Until he saw that a piece of fluorescent cardboard lit up on the other side of the room. There was, however, a thick screen for the piece of cardboard, so the light particles had to pass through. He soon realized that he could make such beautiful views, the first of his wife’s hand!
Alexander Klink / wikicommons
What has Velcro, a dog’s fur and a sprout plant to make with each other? George De Mestral, an engineer, noted that during a walk with his dog, the spike nut remained very good in the fur of his pet.With the microscope he looked at the spines of the plant, and discovered a pattern and a pattern. He started experimenting. In 1955 he used the first nylon for this application, and he called it Velcro.
Alexander Fleming, a Scottish bacteriologist, discovered penicillin after an incident in his laboratory.After a two week break, he discovered something special in one of his Petri dishes: a certain mold, which prevented bacteria from growing further. He isolated the fungus and studied him further.However, producing large amounts of this fungus proved to be the biggest challenge. It was Howard Florey, Norman Heatley and Andrew Moyer who managed to grow this product 13 years later so that the first medical experiments could begin and the ultimate antibiotic was made.
1. Anesthesia (anesthesia)
It’s unthinkable that it does not exist today. Crawford Long, William Morton, Charles Jackson and Horace Wells discovered that nitrous oxide caused people to feel less painful. In the 19th century, breathing this gas was best popular for recreational purposes. Laughing parties were hot at the time.The researchers studied how people experience pain. When in 1844 a party celebrated his leg at such a laughing party, Horace Wells was able to determine that the man did not suffer pain. Wells then used the application when removing teeth. From then on, anesthesia was used in medical procedures and operations.