Most trees start out as tiny seeds planted in the ground. However, with proper care and maintenance they soon grow to gigantic proportions that are a marvel to watch. Each variety requires special growth conditions so that they can reach their full potential, for instance some special do well in arid/semiarid settings while others can only survive in swampy places. These Top 10 The Biggest Trees In The World are not only majestic to look at but also sustain major habitats that can’t survive without them.
Baobab is considered one of the most popular Adansonia species in Africa, it’s predominantly found in the arid, dry savannah region of sub-Sahara. Other names used to describe this plant include the dead-rat tree, monkey-bread tree and the upside-down tree from the sparse branches which closely resemble roots.
Apart from Africa, some subspecies of Baobab have been discovered in Yemen and Dhofar, Oman in the great Arabian Peninsula. The species typically grows in solitary settings and can be distinguished by their large and distinctive frame. It bears large, white conspicuous flowers that are pendulous in design with a considerably high number of stamens.
9. Eucalyptus Viminalis
Viminalis is also known as the Manna, White or Ribbon Gum tree in Australia where it originates from. It is erect in shape with a rough bark and stands up to 40m tall. The bark typically peels in long “ribbon-like” structures that can be collected straight from the branches or surrounding ground when they drop down.
The Eucalyptus tree with the largest recorded width-frame measures 324.7cm from side-to-side, it’s located in Marlborough, NZ. This variety is widely distributed in cooler regions of Australia where they provide foliage food for Koalas. Viminalis’ sap contains 5-15% sugar content making it an essential source of energy for other tree-dwelling marsupials such as the yellow bellied glider.
8. Coast Redwood
The Coastal Redwood is a perennial, long-lived monoecious tree meaning that pollen and seedling cones are found on the same plant, some specimens are known to live for as long as 2000yrs. Scientists believe that the tallest tree currently found on earth is a Redwood, it has an estimated height of 115.5m and a breadth of 7.9m. This species usually grows in mountainous regions where precipitation coming from incoming ocean moisture is quite high.
Moreover, the tallest and most antique trees can be found in deep gullies and valleys where there’s little human activity and year-round fog drip is quite regular. The tree’s dense, tanning-rich bark and foliage that starts high above the surface provides adequate protection from insect and fire damage, thus contributing to Redwood’s longevity. The oldest sample ever recorded is approximately 2,200yrs old.
Top 10 Largest Trees In The World That You Should Know About
7. Giant Sequoia
Giant Sequoias are considered the world’s biggest trees in terms of volume coverage. They typically stand to about 50m in height and 6-8m in breadth. The oldest surviving species G. Sequoia is believed to be 3,500yrs old. This gigantic plant regenerates through seed dispersal and younglings start bearing cones from age 12 onwards. In addition, those that are 20yrs may start producing stump sprouts after experiencing minor injuries on the trunk.
Forest fires don’t typically kill this species but rather remove other competing foliage, creating room for the sequoia to regenerate. Due to its massive size, researchers have keenly studied its osmosis process and found that water can only be pushed up a few meters up by osmotic pressure, meaning that it obtains most of its moisture from the atmosphere rather than the soil. The massive Sequoia definitely deserves to be in Top 10 The Biggest Trees In The World list.
6. Coast Douglas-fir
Douglas-fir is currently the 2nd tallest conifer on earth and third highest of all tree-varieties known to man. As a side note, the largest plant in the whole of UK is a Douglas standing at a elevation of 64m. It exhibits a considerably morphological elasticity form and on drier grounds some of them will develop deeper taproots.
The fir bark of a young Douglas is thin, smooth and gray in color with abundant resin blisters on the surface. Upon maturity the trees become thick and coarse with tawny shoots, the buds are conical in shape and may measure up to 4-8mm in length. Foliage is noticeably aromatic with a sweet, fruity scent that is particularly stronger when crushed.
5. Sitka Spruce
Spruce is a colossal evergreen tree that can grow to 100m in height under favorable environmental conditions, the trunk diameter typically measures 5m or thereabout. This tree acquires its name from the Sitka community in Alaska where it originates from, the plant’s bark is thin and flaky usually falling off in small spherical plates that measure 5 to 20cm across.
The crown area is broad and conical in younglings but becomes cylindrical as the tree matures. This is a hardy species that can reach up to 700yrs old. Since it’s found in extremely wet climatic conditions it bears shallow roots that are also long and lateral, with a few branches on the side.
4. Tasmanian Blue Gum
Tasmania Blue is an evergreen tree that’s widely cultivated in its native country of Australia, most of them grow to about 55m tall. The largest living specimen in existence is 90.7m high in stature, though there are historical assertions of even taller samples with the most popular one reaching an estimated 101m in elevation. The natural ecological distribution of Blue Gum covers Tasmania and Southern Victoria, particularly southern Gippsland and Otway Ranges.
3. Pacific Red Cedar
Redcedar falls under the coniferous category and is native to the western rim of North America, note that despite its name the tree doesn’t belong to the actual cedar subspecies within the genus Cedrus. They measure 65-70m from the root upwards with massive trunks that are 3-4m diameterwise.
Moreover, those growing in open spaces may exhibit crowns that stretch down to the ground, while trees that are densely spaced typically have their crowns at the very top. The oldest officially verified Pacific Redcedar is 1460yrs old.
2. Kauri Tree
Kauri is the largest tree in volume but not height in the whole of New Zealand, it can grow up to 50m tall and has a smooth bark with tiny narrow leaves. The crusty bark of this tree often protects it from bacteria and parasitic plants which may accumulate at the trunk base, furthermore in larger specimens the bark could be as thick as 2 meters.
1. Montezuma Cypress
Montezuma is a semi-evergreen tree that can grow up to 55m tall with a trunk that measures 1-3m, the leaves of this plant are spirally shaped but slightly twisted towards the base in double horizontal ranks. This species is ranked under the riparian sub-category and usually grows in upland riverside environments, though a few of them can be found next to marshes and springs.
Some of these Top 10 The Biggest Trees In The World are classified under the endangered list, it’s therefore advisable for people to stop cutting them down for timber so that they don’t become extinct in the near future.