Churches and cathedrals annually attract many visitors and many are breathtakingly beautiful. Every country has a few state and sometimes city or even country known for it. All churches and cathedrals have something beautiful. Yet there are some who just speak more than the others. Are you a fan of churches and cathedrals, and you want to know which are among the finest in the world? Here is a list of the 10 most beautiful churches and cathedrals in the world.
The top 10 most beautiful churches and cathedrals in the world
1. Basilica of San Marco, Venice
At St. Mark’s Square is the largest basilica in Venice, San Marco Basilica. This is considered by many as the most beautiful basilica in Europe. The church is from 1060 and has a rich history, which is reflected in the building. The building is made of St. Mark and served as the final resting place. When you enter the Basilica, you will be surrounded by art. This art comes from Constantinople and was stolen during the Fourth Crusade. The facade shows images all show a historical value, such as a Venetian lion symbol of St. Mark. Another special part of the facade is the chariot with four horses running.
The interior of the basilica is world famous. This is the art of mosaic to be found in the five domes and marble floors. The altar piece consisting of precious stones, also known as Pala d’Oro, is a special and unique part of the basilica.
2. Notre Dame, Paris
Notre Dame definitely belongs in the list of most beautiful churches and cathedrals in the world at home. This is a beautiful cathedral in Paris and has much influence on the beauty of the capital of France. Many have already heard of the cathedral in their youth, because almost everyone knows the movie Hunchback of Notre Dame is. Construction began in 1163 when paus Alexander III laid the foundation stone. The building was completed in 1182. The years which came to have created an interesting story below. The successor of Bishop Maurice Sully, Eudes de Sully, have built new things, like the middle. The French Revolution had brought damage to the building and therefore was in 1845 began a 23-year restoration.
The building is located in the middle of the center of Paris and is visited annually by millions of people. From the outside the cathedral is already beautiful, but the inside is even better. At the entrance you will see three portals: Maria Portal, the portal of the Last Judgment and the Anne Portal. Beautiful windows, images and lots of art fill the space.
3. Saint George, Lalibela
Ethiopia is a country with many unknown, attractions, and the Saint George kerk is one of them. This part also because of the special way of building in the top 12 most beautiful churches and cathedrals in the world. The Saint George was built in the north of Ethiopia and comes from the twelfth century. There are eleven churches built like this in the same way. Because they are from the ground notched out of the stone. This method is so unique, so the church has become world famous. Also this technique has had great influence on the development of this particular architecture.
4. Santa Maria del Fiore, Florence
Santa Maria del Fiore, also known as the Duomo of Florence, known for its magnificent dome and bell tower. The cathedral comes from the thirteenth century and the dome was built in the fifteenth century. Only in 1472 the building was completely finished, which came from different events. Green, white and pink marble exterior components are breathtakingly beautiful.
Beautiful paintings of famous painters such as Vasari can be admired inside. You will immediately notice the shape of the cathedral, a Latin cross with a length of up to 153 meters.
5. Cologne Cathedral, Cologne
The most visited church in Germany and the largest church in Europe is located in the beautiful city of Cologne. The Cologne Cathedral has a remarkable history and beautiful architecture. A building whose construction began in 1248 and was completed in 1880, stands in the center of Germany. The construction lasted very long, which was partly because it was still put in the fifteenth century and was picked up until 1824. However, the builders in that year held the old idea and developed. The church is on the list of endangered World Heritage UNESO. This is because more and more projects to come through the building.
Two huge towers attract the attention of many people quickly. For visitors it is possible to go up the south tower and there to enjoy a wonderful view of Cologne.
6. Duomo Santa Maria Nascente, Milan
One of the largest Catholic churches in the world is located in the beautiful city of Milan, at the Cathedral Square and is named Duomo Santa Maria Nascente. The building is a beauty and is full of medieval art. The famous Napoleon Bonaparte was crowned king. In the fourteenth century began with the construction which was completed only officially in the twentieth century. With an area of less than 11,700 square meters, this huge church. The marble building contains more than 2,000 images and 135 spiers.
The roof also has something special. Here Visitors can see thousands of ornaments. When the weather is clear and there are few clouds, one can see the Alps from the roof. The interior is as beautiful as the exterior. In the oldest part of the building are the three largest lancet world. In the treasury of the Cathedral is silver and gold from the Middle Ages. The building is also equipped with a beautiful bronze chandelier. And not only because the building has more art.
7. St. Peter’s Basilica, Rome
One of the most beautiful churches and cathedrals in the world is located in the city where all roads lead there, Rome. The Catholic church was built between 1506 and 1626 in the Renaissance at the place where paus Petrus was buried. Peter was the pope which many say he was the first. The church is huge and is known for its interior. The building stands on Piazza San Pietro, St. Peter’s square. The façade is engraved: IN Honorem Principis APOST PAVLVS V BVRGHESIVS ROMANVS PONT MAX AN MDCXII PONT VII. This means honoring the first of the Apostles. Pope Paulus V Borghese, Pontifex maximus of Rome in the year 1612 and the seventh year of his Pontificaat. The famous sculpture Pietà by Michelangelo designer is here and millions of people every year to Rome to see this. Further facilities include five bronze doors,
8. St. Basils Cathedral, Moscow
The most emblematic building of Russia, which was built in the sixteenth century and is reminiscent of a fairy tale, the St. Basil’s Cathedral. The colors give a different shape to the building and make the church unique making it definitely belongs in the row of beautiful churches and cathedrals in the world. There is a special story behind the construction of the church. Prince Ivan IV, also known as Ivan the Terrible, gave the order to make the church commemorating the city of Kazan. The builders had to work with blindfolds over so that the church could be built anywhere else in this way. The church interior has many paintings on the walls and ceiling.
9. Segovia Cathedral, Segovia
Catedral de Santa María de Segovia is located in the town of Segovia, Spain. It was built in the sixteenth century and designed by Juan Gil de Hontañón and his son Rodrigo Gil de Hontañón. It is the last Gothic cathedral built in Spain. Both day and in the evening the church is a delight to see. It is a beautiful landmark of the city and in the evening the cathedral is illuminated. The building is on the UNESCO World Heritage list and certainly fits in the home row of the most beautiful churches and cathedrals in the world.
10. Our Lord in the Attic, Amsterdam
Our capital is full of beautiful buildings, museums and other attractions. It is not very strange that a church in Amsterdam high in the league table of the most beautiful churches and cathedrals in the world. Our Lord in the Attic, also called the hidden treasure in the attic, is on the canals of Amsterdam and was built in 1661. The church is now a museum and every year it attracts thousands of tourists.
11. Sacred Family,
This beautiful church is special in Barcelona and over the years it has become a hallmark of the city. Every year millions of tourists come here especially to admire the architecture and learn the history. In 1882 the church was built and its cost was paid for by donations. The famous Antoni Gaudí designed the church and it worked until his death. Later, other architects picked up his work. The church is not yet finished and construction will only be officially completed in 2026.
12. Las Lajas Basilica, Ipiales
In Colombia there is a basilica built between 1916 and 1949 on a gulf. The story behind the basilica is very interesting. It is a legend with a strong value to the Colombians. An Indian mother had to take shelter with her deaf-mute daughter to rain and they did in the gorge. At the time they were in the gulf, could talk to her daughter, a miracle became known in Colombia. The girl was shortly after the construction of the basilica canonized by paus Pius XII.