Spies are grateful protagonists in thrillers and movies. These adventurers live a secret while gathering information that can give their own country a decisive advantage in a war. Yet, the life of a spy really looks less glamorous and often runs badly with them.What are ten famous spies from history?
10. Oleg Gordievsky
The story of Oleg Gordievsky knows many ingredients from a thriller. The KGB agent was disillusioned by the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968. He began working for the British secret service, which became even easier when he was stationed in London. Gordievsky saw much earlier than others that Mikael Gorbachov was destined to become the leader of the Soviet Union, an essential change that would eventually end the Cold War. In 1985 he was recalled to Moscow and long questioned.Gordievsky was no longer allowed to go abroad. With help from the British secret service, Godievsky managed to escape in the back of a car through Finland.
9. Anna Chapman
With the end of the Cold War and the rise of the digital world, the era of the spy seems to have come to an end. Anna Chapman proves the opposite. She was born as a Russian and probably her father was active in the KGB. She would get a British passport by marrying Alex Chapman and working in London at various financial institutions. Anna would live in New York and eventually be arrested because she was a member of a group of Russian spies. Although the spies did not know big secrets by playing they were busy getting better in American society. Because of her handsome appearance, Anna Chapman became the most famous of the group. In the end, she was exchanged with other spies. In Russia, she has since been active as a model .
8. Richard Sorge
For many spies, the profession of journalist is a good cover. It gives a good explanation why you are in another country and can also curb curiosity. Richard Sorge was from German-Russian Komaf. During the First World War he became injured and during his rehabilitation he became fascinated by communism. Sorge would be a journalist in Moscow where he was actually trained to spy. In China, he then learned a Japanese colleague journalist, Ozaki Hotsumi, with whom Sorge would be a very effective duo. Once in Japan, Sorge through Hotsumi would play a lot of vital information. Stalin knew about the upcoming attack on Pearl Harbor. Stalin could sometimes wipe away Sorge’s information, causing Hitler to overwhelm the Red Army. After that, he learned his lesson and he trusted that Japan would only invade Russia if the Germans had occupied Moscow. As a result, Stalin was able to deploy troops from the East at a crucial moment on the western front. Sorge and Hotsumi were eventually demarcated and hung up in 1944.
7. Eli Cohen
Eli Cohen is a school example of the deciding role to play a good spy. Cohen was born in Egypt, making him speak Arabic fluently. In the sixties he was recruited by the Israeli secret service Mossad to eventually be stationed in Syria. There the Social Cohen knew the confidence of many soldiers who visited him at home. Cohen became famous for his suggestion to the Syrian military leadership to plant eucalyptus trees at bunkers so that soldiers could get in the shadow. This made it possible to accurately map the Israeli air force where the bunkers were located. Before his information was used successfully during the Sixth Day War (1967), Cohen was already masked. He was suspended in public.
6. Karl Schulmeister
The risk of using a spy is that it eventually turns out to be a double pony. The Austrian Karl Schulmeister was one of the first double ponies of modern times. Schulmeister was an adventurer who led a life as a businessman and smuggler. In addition, he was a spy for the Austrian empire.Schulmeister came to work by deploying a French general in Napoleon’s service and his information would, among other things, play an important role in the Battle of Austerlitz. The Austrian became a rising star in Napoleon’s army, kicked it as chief of his secret service. With the final downturn of Napoleon, Schulmeister’s adventures ended. He would work the rest of his life in a tobacco shop.
5. Virginia Hall
TOP 10 MOST FAMOUS SPIES IN THE WORLD
Spies played an important role in the Second World War. The German secret service Gestapo was aware of this and ruthlessly spotted spies to kill them later. The Gestapo had an obsession with the American Virginia Hall, which she gave the nickname Artemis. Hall was in France when the Second World War broke out. Initially, they helped organize the French resistance. After the escape of Hall, she returned to France in 1994 where she co-operated with the resistance to prepare the landing in Normandy and conduct guerrillas. Unlike less fortunate colleagues, Hall was never de-masked and after the war she would act as an analyst at the CIA.
4. Klaus Fuchs
During the Second World War, some countries worked on a super weapon. The atomic bomb would eventually be developed by the Americans. At the end of the war, this gave the Americans an obvious advantage over the Soviet Union. German physicist Klaus Fuchs fled for Hitler in 1933 and eventually became British citizen. He was invited during the war to participate in the development of the American atomic bomb. For that reason, he had already conveyed information to the Soviets, and he would continue to do so until the end of the war. Most likely, the Soviet Union could therefore produce an atomic bomb faster. Back in England, Fuchs would admit he was a spy after being sentenced to 14 years in prison. After nine years, Fuchs was released. He emigrated directly to East Germany where he would have a successful scientific career.
3. Cambridge Five
The Cambridge Five is the nickname of a group of British spies recruited during their study in Cambridge to work for the Soviet Union. They did this successfully during World War II and Fifties. The main members were deployed in different positions, Kim Philby worked for the British Embassy in Washington. As a result, he was able to see who among his colleagues was suspected of espionage activities. When he warned some of them, they fled to the Soviet Union. As a result, Philby eventually suspected himself to resign. If this had not happened, Philby could have ended much higher in the British secret service.
2. Sidney George Reilly
Sidney George Reilly was actually called Georgi Rosenblum. He was born in Ukraine and at a young age initiated by Scotland Yard. With his adventurous impact and great language skills, he developed into a master spy. During the First World War he managed to penetrate a uniform of the German army leadership with a uniform. After World War I, his activities were increasingly focused on Russia where the Communists threatened to take over. Reilly would be involved in tsarist family flight plans, a failed coup and a murder attack on Lenin. In the end he was imprisoned and murdered by Stalin. It is said that Reilly was the model for James Bond. In 1983 his adventures were filmed in the popular television series Reilly: Ace of Spies.
1. Mata Hari
Margaretha Zelle was born in Leeuwarden and would become world famous under her artist name Mata Hari. She lived in Dutch India for a time when she joined a local dance group and used the name Mata Hari for the first time. At the beginning of the 20th century, Zelle moved to Paris where she was in artist circles, but especially made fame as an exotic dancer. Mata Hari was praised for her beauty and at that time all kinds of wild rumors made the round of her sensual act and wealth. During the First World War, Mata Hari could continue to travel as Dutch. It came across various services that they often missed in military circles. One suspected her of espionage, but nobody knew exactly who she worked for.Eventually she was arrested and convicted in Paris for espionage for Germany. In 1917 Mata Hari was fused. Since then, Mata Hari has grown into a legendary femme fatale and was played by Greta Garboin a filming of her life . There are still many doubts about her espionage activities. At the start of the First World War, it appears that it has actually taken the Germans’ mission, but has never been a legendary master spy.