Psychological theories, we love it. . That psychology is so popular means that many people are working on it. These are experienced scientifically trained psychologists. And by this last group there are no scientific psychological myths. Either the myth is based on only one or a number of psychological studies, the result of which was found to be false afterwards. Sometimes even myths are used in psychological tests to make important decisions. It is a shame that these psychological myths have ever arisen and persist, as if they were actually true. High time to help these popular psychological myths from the world!
1. Exposing yourself to classical music makes smarter
It is said that you become more intelligent when listening to classical music . This is called the “Mozart Effect”. The concept arises from a research conducted by University of California researchers in 1993.Students who listened to Mozart’s piano music soon showed an improvement in spatial reasoning (in the form of folding and cutting paper). This in combination with the correlation between musicality and intelligence led to the theory of the ‘ Mozart Effect ‘. Later, researchers repeated this initial study, but something else emerged from this. It was discovered that almost anything that raises your awareness (like listening to Mozart music) improves spatial reasoning. But this improvement is only short-lived, long-term effects are absolutely no question.
2. You must always follow your first instinct
When making a multiple choice test (where you do not know the answer) it is claimed that you will not be doing well if you change your response in the first place afterwards. Your first answer comes from your first instinct and therefore would be better. This does not prove to be true. Out of more than 60 studies, the opposite is true: You’re just increasing your chance of the correct answer if you’re going to improve an answer you’re doubting later on. However, this strategy only works when you have a good reason to doubt your initial instinctive response. Do not change your luck, as you think the first answer can be correct.
3. Inconvenience is unhealthy
Stress balls and boxing bags are designed to throw it out. Because your angry whining that is healthy and doing the opposite is probably then … unhealthy. Throwing out your fury would blow you up and hold your fury in you would explode you at a time when you do not expect it. Research points out something different. We might be addicted to the utterance of our anger, so much so that we will become desolate more often because we enjoy this feeling. So then anger makes you worse than angry in you.
4. In some people, the left or right brain works better
Some cognitive functions have been shown to be controlled by the right brain and the other by the left hemisphere. For example, the right brain half is better in non-verbal tasks and the left brain half better in verbal tasks. But the two brain halves are connected through a complex network of neural pathways and they work together to achieve things. They need each other to perform functions. This makes the theory that you have a better brain half false.
5. Many people experience a mid-life crisis
The term ‘mid-life crisis’ is more a cherished Hollywood story line (from movies) than a psychological phenomenon. Within several cultures, a number of studies have been carried out on the data, which shows that in reality more people are concerned about the mid-life crisis than they actually realy are. A large-scale study even revealed that people generally feel more control over their lives in the age group of 40-60 years. They also feel happier than people from other age groups.
6. Low self-confidence creates psychological problems
It is generally assumed that people with high self-esteem are healthier and more successful than people with low self-confidence. This latter group would create more psychological problems. More than 15,000 studies have been conducted in this area, and all of them show that self-confidence is only minimal in relation to personal success. Also, low self-confidence is not related to smoking, alcohol and drug use. An investigation even shows that children with extremely high self-esteem are disappointed and aggressive if their superiority is questioned. Perhaps realism is a good middle way and the best medicine!
7. We feel attracted to opposites
In reality, most of us do not feel attracted to opposites. People with a lot of similarities draw more quickly to each other. Research shows that, as regards the initial appeal as long term relationship stability, people with similar ideas, lifestyles and interests score higher for success than opponents.There are three possible explanations for the popularity of the myth that we attract opposites.
TOP 10 POPULAR MYTHS ABOUT PSYCHOLOGY
- 1. It gives a better Hollywood (movie) story than when two people meet, match and fall in love.
- 2. People dream of a partner who completes them and completes all missing puzzle pieces.
- 3. If we agree with our partners about everything (because we are so right) then a relationship would be boring. Difference creates more challenge in a relationship.
8. The ink-stain test reveals someone’s personal qualities
The ink stain test, also called the Rorschachtest , is a popular traditional psychological test.Psychologists continued to carry out important analyzes. That is, psychologists can find out what their personal qualities are with the interpretation of (images of) ink spots. In the 1970s, research was conducted into the reliability of the ink stain test. It turned out there is no indication that the test can actually reveal personality. If the ink stain test is used in combination with other test methods, there is an increased chance that the psychologist will provide an accurate diagnosis.
9. Leek detectors can test if anyone is lying
Liegen does not produce a coherent set of physiological responses. There is not a single connection between body language and lying. So we can not catch liars by looking at the way they look or behave.That someone would not look into your eyes when a lie is told has not been proven scientifically. Leek detectors are based on the myth that physiological responses (such as sweating and increased heartbeat) say something about whether or not someone speaks or lies. That’s nonsense. There are even 10 Reasons why lie detectors are completely unreliable . In short, more than enough reason to assume that lie detectors absolutely can not test if anyone is lying!
10. Personal attributes can be read from someone’s handwriting
The American and Briste tabloids are happy to introduce ‘experts’ to analyze celebrities. This happens underneath by examining the handwriting. This gives us, the general public, a glimpse of their privacy, their thoughts and their personality. However, there is no link between signatures and personality. In a study of the ability of graphologists (professional handwriting analysts) to reveal someone’s personality, their work was based solely on probability calculation. That is, handwriting says nothing about personality.
TOP 10 POPULAR MYTHS ABOUT PSYCHOLOGY